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Wine Ratings Demystified

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Wine Ratings Demystified

Unless you are an experienced wine drinker or connoisseur, selecting a wine can be intimidating, especially if you're in a liquor store or restaurant and selecting a bottle on the spot. Your server or retailer may helpfully offer the wine's rating, or you turn to a popular wine review app like Vivino, but what does that rating actually mean?

What are wine ratings?

Scoring or rating wines came about in the mid-twentieth century when wine became more popular in America.  American wine critic Robert Parker is credited with developing a standard rating system in the 1970's, based upon the American Standardized Grading System, widely used in grammar schools. Parker's scale is a 50-100 point scale correlating to "grades" ranging from A to F. A wine with 85 or more points (a "B" or higher) is considered a good, above average wine. A wine with 90 or more points (an "A") is considered outstanding.

 

How are ratings assigned?

Rating a wine is highly subjective, assigned by one critic or a collaboration.  The critic(s) taste the wine, assign a rating and write a review. Due to the subjective nature, wine ratings are most helpful when paired with a review, giving the consumer more information on the critic's tastes and preferences.

 

What are ratings based upon?

Ideally, a critic will base their rating and review on four elements of the wine:

  • Balance: What is the balance of the alcohol, acidity, tannins, and sweetness of the wine? Does any element stand out?
  • Length:  How long does the flavor of the wine linger on the palate?
  • Intensity: Is the appearance and fragrance of the wine light or deep?
  • Complexity:  A wine's flavor is influenced by chemical changes due to aging, the blend of grapes, and barrel fermentation.

 

However - the critic's rating is influenced by their personal preferences for various types of wine.

The next time you are selecting a wine, consider the rating, but also read the reviews to determine if the wine fits your tastes and preferences.